gmat阅读逻辑真题

2021-04-06
GRE阅读真题分析
以前给大伙儿讲过GMAT阅读的关键方式——结构型阅读法,今日大家以一篇GRE文章内容为例子,再次给大伙儿解读结构型阅读法。
GRE和GMAT一样,2个考試全是注重逻辑的考試。这两个考試的阅读文章内容的合理布局,题型的开设都反映出较强的逻辑性。文章段落中间、见解中间、不一样角色中间、不一样事情中间都拥有 有效的相互关系。GRE和GMAT对阅读文章内容逻辑关联的考察要远远地超过对文章的考察,也远远地超过对语句实际含意、语汇含意的考察。因而,掌握文章内容的逻辑构造是阅读的头等大事。
大家以GRE官方网教辅书中的一篇真题文章内容为例子给大伙儿讲一下如何整理文章内容逻辑。
AfricanAmericannewspapersinthe1930sfacedmanyhardships.Forinstance,knowingthatbuyersofAfricanAmericanpapersalsoboughtgeneral-circulationpapers,advertisersofconsumerproductsoftenignoredAfricanAmericanpublications.Advertisers’discriminationdidfreetheAfricanAmericanpressfromadvertiserdomination.Editorscouldprintpoliticallychargedmaterialmorereadilythancouldthelargenationaldailies,whichdependedonadvertisers’ideologicalapprovaltosecurerevenues.Unfortunately,italsomadethesellingpriceofBlackpapersmuchhigherthanthatofgeneral-circulationdailies.Oftenasmuchastwo-thirdsofpublicationcostshadtocomefromsubscribersorsubsidiesfromcommunitypoliticiansandotherinterestgroups.Anddespitetheireditorialfreedom,AfricanAmericanpublishersoftenfeltcompelledtoprintadisproportionateamountofsensationalism,sports,andsocietynewstoboostcirculation.
Forthefollowingquestion,considereachofthechoicesseparatelyandselectallthatapply.
1.ThepassagesuggeststhatifadvertisershadmorefrequentlypurchasedadvertisinginAfricanAmericannewspapers,thenwhichofthefollowingmighthaveresulted?
AAfricanAmericannewspaperswouldhavegivenmoreattentiontosportsandsocietynewsthantheydid.
BAfricanAmericannewspaperswouldhavebeenavailableatlowerpricesthanlargenationaldailieswere.
CAfricanAmericannewspaperswouldhaveexperiencedconstraintsontheircontentsimilartothoseexperiencedbylargenationaldailies.
2.Theauthorofthepassagesuggestswhichofthefollowingaboutthe“advertisers”(line3)mentionedinthepassage?
ATheyassumedthatadvertisinginAfricanAmericannewspaperswouldnotsignificantlyincreasethesalesoftheirproducts.
BTheyfailedtocalculateaccuratelythecirculationofAfricanAmericannewspapers.
CTheydidnottakeAfricanAmericans’newspaperreadingintoaccountwhenmakingdecisionsaboutwheretoadvertise.
DTheyavoidedAfricanAmericannewspaperspartlybecauseoftheirsensationalism.
ETheytriedtopersuadeAfricanAmericannewspaperstolowertherateschargedforadvertising.
它是一篇典型性的立毕业论文,层递类,即:开始明确提出一个见解,后边详尽阐述这一论点论据。
文章内容逻辑构造以下:
第一句是全篇论点论据,讲了黑种人书报刊在二十世纪30年代遭遇许多 窘境。
第二句是缘故:广告主不肯在黑种人书报刊上投广告宣传了。
以后的3~6句是为此产生的結果。
特别是在留意,最后一句并不是广告主不投广告宣传的結果,只是黑种人书报刊为了更好地提升投放量而采用的对策
一定要留意GRE阅读中三个选择项的是不确定项单选题,五个选择项的是单项选择题。
下面大家看来一下题型。
第一题是虚似取非题,题目问的是倘若广告主投广告宣传会有哪些不良影响,因此必须把3~6句的結果取反。标准答案是C。C选择项是取反了第三句的第一个不良影响,全文:Advertisers’discriminationdidfreetheAA,取反后:notfree=constraint
A错是由于它虽然贯彻落实到最后一句,但最后一句并不是結果,只是为了更好地提升投放量而采用的对策,换句话说无论广告主投不投广告宣传,她们都是会去发表这种內容。
B错是由于第二个結果是muchhigherthan,远超,取反后应该是小于或相当于,而该选择项沒有考虑到价钱相同的很有可能。
第二题是关键点题,立即精准定位到第二句话:knowingthatbuyer